Project Descripiton

An intra- and crosscultural comparative study on parental beliefs about children's nature and development, as well as parenting and encouragement in early childhood by the Department for Social Work and Social Welfare at the University of Kassel in cooperation with the Department of Psychology at Yaşar University in Izmir.

What views do parents from Germany and Turkey hold about their children's abilities and their development in early childhood? What are the general attitudes of parents in Germany – with or without migrant background – and in Turkey towards the abilities of their children and their development in early childhood? What do they consider necessary in regard to parenting and education of their children? Which conditions would they define as necessary for successful parenting and education of their children? Which of the similarities and differences in parental beliefs about early childhood can be attributed to aspects such as migration, ethnic/national culture, gender or social or local background?

A profound analysis of these questions becomes even more evident looking at the recurrence of stereotypes about parenting in families with Turkish migrant background within the current debates on institutional child care. The particular need, repeatedly emphasized, of long-lasting institutional care for children from these families is often based on the assumption of a deficient socialization and incompetent parenting in families with Turkish migrant background.

Against the background of this overly simplistic debate on parenting in (Turkish) migrant families in Germany, parental beliefs shall be studied in order to reconstruct and therewith differentiate them as cultural models and concepts with their own dynamics in the context of change and modernisation. The comparative project has an international and cross-cultural design. The processes of modernisation in parental beliefs on early childhood will be compared between Germany and Turkey, as well as within both countries. For this purpose, we will carry out 60 qualitative interviews with mothers and fathers of pre-school aged children in each country. In both countries the sample will consist of three subsamples. In Germany one subsample will be of German parents without migratory background, and two further samples will consist of Turkish migrant parents of the 1st and the 2nd/3rd generation, respectively. In Turkey interviews with Turkish parents from rural and urban areas and from different educational backgrounds will be realized.

 

Contact

Prof. Dr. Manuela Westphal
Universität Kassel, Institut für Sozialwesen (IfS)
Arnold- Bode- Straße-10
34109 Kassel
+49 561 804 2930
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Dr. Berrin Özlem Otyakmaz
Universität Kassel, Institut für Sozialwesen (IfS)
Arnold- Bode- Straße-10
34109 Kassel

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